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Habitat loss

Threats to Wild Elephants

No room to roam:

The greatest threat to wild Asian elephants is habitat loss and fragmentation. Throughout the tropics, humans have cleared large areas of forest and have rapidly populated river valleys and plains. Elephants have been pushed into hilly landscapes and less suitable remnants of forest, but even these less accessible habitats are being assaulted by poachers, loggers, and developers.

Threats to Domestic Elephants

For thousands of years the elephant was part of the fabric of daily life in Asia. They served primarily to transport goods and people. When the 20th century began, elephants were put to use by the timber industry, destroying their own habitat in the process.

 Except in less-developed Myanmar, the need for elephant labor has steadily declined since World War II, and so has the domesticated Asian elephant population.

Mortality of Asian Elephants

When a potential predator such as a lion or tiger threatens a calf, the adults form a defensive circle with the calf in the middle. Adult elephants are probably not susceptible to predation by any species other than humans.


Mortality of Asian Elephants

Mitigation Steps for Solving Plight of Asian Elephants

Although well protected from international trade, Asian elephants have little protection under domestic laws. Generally, national wildlife agencies in Asia consider the domesticated elephant to be just another domestic animal (and allow their tusks to be sold), while livestock departments consider it wild and not under their jurisdiction. 

"So it's in a very curious, halfway position that makes conservation very difficult," explains Lair. Caring for privately owned domesticated Asian elephants often turns out to be the job of an impoverished mahout—or nobody's job at all.

Big animals have big impacts on tropical forest carbon storage

Elephants are important “gardeners” of Asian and African tropical forests, helping trees disperse their seeds and shape tree communities.
Rainforest in Costa Rica

In African, American and South Asian tropical forests, which are dominated by tree species that depend on animals to disperse their seeds, the loss of large wildlife can lead to a marked reduction in the forests’ carbon storage potential, the study found

In contrast, the team found that in Southeast Asian and Australian tropical forests, which are dominated by wind-dispersed tree species, declines in large wildlife does not reduce the amount of carbon stored by the forests significantly, even increasing carbon-storage in some places.

The difference in carbon storage, the team found, is driven by the species that replace the large-seeded, animal-dispersed species when they are removed from the forests.



What In Blazes Is Going On?

The last word? India’s economy has been built on a stable ecological foundation. Shake this and like a house of cards, the economy will come tumbling down


Plant for the Earth

Plantation of elephant fodder trees, continuation of Earth Day events with the theme Plant for the Earth. Over 120 jacjfruit and banana saplings were planted at Hodhodi, near Chapanala, Nagaon, recently. Villagers of the elephant depredation affected villages from fringe forest areas in the karbi foothills took part in the initiative. Members of Green Guard Nature Organization also discussed various measures to check elephant intrusion and avod conflict in the region.

Wildlife Occupancy Modeling at Kaziranga Karbi Anglong

Surveying Wildlife Movement through Tea Gardens & other Private Lands

Wildlife Corridors are generally designated as “clearly defined” areas through which wildlife moves from one forest tract to another, in search of food, water, refuge & breeding grounds. . In the Kaziranga Karbi Landscape there are such three well defined corridors- Panbari, Haldibari and Kanchunjuri. But animals are prone to use the entire stretch of 50+ kms highway (NH 37)to cross over from Kaziranga to Karbi Anglong or vice-versa. The Project will conduct a Grid Cell survey of the 250+ sq km area that separates the two landscapes.


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