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Elephants rival us when it comes to emotions.

Elephants are capable of complex thought and deep feeling that may rival us

Elephants, the largest land animals on the planet, are among the most exuberantly expressive of creatures. Joy, anger, grief, compassion, love; the finest emotions reside within these hulking masses. Through years of research, scientists have found that elephants are capable of complex thought and deep feeling. In fact, the emotional attachment elephants form toward family members may rival our own.

Kaziranga National Forest Guidebook

Kaziranga is best known for its rhinos, but its fortress home has also protected a whole range of herbivores including this sambar deer seen framed elegantly by its verdant forest.
Grasslands are the backbone of Kaziranga’s success and that of the rhino. The highest density of rhinos exists in the southwestern part of the park where short grass meadows are most extensive.
The Oriental Pied Hornbill Anthracoceros albirostris, is one among three hornbill species found in the park.

A child of the Brahmaputra river, the Kaziranga Biosphere Reserve is one of the most incredible ecosystems in the world. The interplay of the river and its tributaries results in a mosaic of tall elephant grass and forests that give rise to a vast diversity of insects, birds and animals.

Asian Elephants and Religions

The Asian elephant appears in various religious traditions and mythologies. They are treated positively and are sometimes revered as deities, often symbolising strength and wisdom. Similarly, the African elephant is seen as the wise chief who impartially settles disputes among the forest creatures in African fables, and the Ashanti tradition holds that they are human chiefs from the past.

Man and Elephant working Together!

The relationship between humans and elephants has had its ups and downs.

17th century the Moghul Emperor Jehangir:
In past centuries, the forests of India literally teemed with elephants. Although no census or estimates of the wild population exist, it is said that in the early 17th century the Moghul Emperor Jehangir had 113,000 captive elephants throughout his empire. Extrapolating from this figure, it is easy to imagine a wild population comfortably in excess of a million.

The Wild side of Elephants:

Asian Elephant - Threats and Mitigation

Encyclopedia for Asian Elephant Series 5 - Here we address the most pressing issues regarding the threats that asian elephant faces and we attempt to compile various work of the experts that are trying to resolve some of these threats.

Asian Elephant - Man : Elephant Relations

Encyclopedia for Asian Elephant Series 4 - Compiles the relation of man with elephant and how it has changed over history - be it culture, religion, war, entertainment, or just work.

Asian Elephants - Stages of Reproduction

Female Asian elephants bear a single calf (usually) after a gestation of more than a year and a half (18 to 22 months). Their estrus cycle is about 22 days, out of which they are receptive to copulation on only one day, the first day of estrus.

Asian Elephant - Ecology of a Social animal

Asian elephants are very social animals. They live in family groups consisting of related females and their offspring that are led by the oldest female, the ‘matriarch’. The social bond between group members is very strong, and co-operative behaviour is common, particularly in the protection and guidance of the young.


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