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Mammals of India By Dr. Anwaruddin Chodhury

Ranjit launches book 'Mammals of India' written by Dr. Anwaruddin Choudhury, IAS, on 9th June, 2016 in Guwahati Press Club. India has more than 400 species of mammals. It is the only country in the world to have the Tiger and the Lion. The presence of such a diverse mammalian species in a relatively small area of the globe is significant (c. 8.6% of the total mammalian species in 2.4% of the world’s land area).

Mortality of Asian Elephants

When a potential predator such as a lion or tiger threatens a calf, the adults form a defensive circle with the calf in the middle. Adult elephants are probably not susceptible to predation by any species other than humans.

 

Mortality of Asian Elephants

Mitigation Steps for Solving Plight of Asian Elephants

Although well protected from international trade, Asian elephants have little protection under domestic laws. Generally, national wildlife agencies in Asia consider the domesticated elephant to be just another domestic animal (and allow their tusks to be sold), while livestock departments consider it wild and not under their jurisdiction. 

"So it's in a very curious, halfway position that makes conservation very difficult," explains Lair. Caring for privately owned domesticated Asian elephants often turns out to be the job of an impoverished mahout—or nobody's job at all.

Life of Captive Elephants

As one of the most intelligent mammals on the planet, elephants have immensely complex needs that no zoo, circus or other attraction can provide. Life in captivity is torture for these sensitive creatures that require tight social bonds and have strong migratory instincts. This reports comprises the life of Captive Elephants.

Asian Elephants Social Characteristics

Male behaviour:
By contrast, adult males tend to be solitary, or may form temporary associations of two or three unrelated bulls. They leave the family of their birth at 12-15 years of age and after that time, although they may frequently associate with female groups for feeding or mating, they have no long term bonds with them, or with each other.

Asian Elephants are highly Communicative

Vocal Cues:

  • Large repertoire of vocalizations, including:
  • Low frequency, long distance calls to maintain contact between roving individuals or groups
  • Close range, high pitched calls indicate mood
  • Loud trumpeting indicates alarm, surprise
  • Low snorts signal changes in immediate environment, alerting herd.

Tactile Cues:

Diet & Feeding

Food Items and Feeding Strategies

 

Crested Kingfisher

Ccrested Kingfisher (Megaceryle lugubris) is resident of the Himalayas and foothills of Northern India, Bangladesh, northern Indochina, Southeast Asia, Japan and Russia. It is a very large (41 cm) black and white kingfisher with evenly barred wings and tail. It lacks a supercilium and has a spotted breast, which is sometimes mixed with rufous. This bird is mainly found in mountain rivers and larger rivers in foothills.

 

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