Capsicum Sonitpurensis (Solanaceae) - A new species from Assam, India

 

The family Solanaceae comprises of about 100 genera and 2,716 species (Hunziker, 2001; Olmstead and Bohs, 2007; Olmstead et al., 1999) and is distributed worldwide except Antarctica. South America has the highest diversity in species (Yadav et al., 2016). The genus Capsicum L. is an economically important genus comprising of about 37 species worldwide (Pozzobon et al. ,2006). It is also reported that the genus has numerous wild species (Hunziker, 2001). Hooker (1883) described three species from India, viz., C. frutescense L., C. minimum Roxb. and C. grossum Willd. Kanjilal and Bor (1939) reported two species from Assam, viz. C. minimum Roxb. and C. annum L.While carrying out an inventory of the floristic diversity of the Sonitpur district of Assam, the authors came across this species of Capsicum. Critical comparative study of above three species of Capsicum has revealed that the species differs in many diagnostic taxonomic characters.

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